Where does my waste belong?

View a quick video or get more details below!

Plastic Utensils

Normally, utensils are made from #6 plastic, which should go to the landfill. If the utensils are certified compostable plastic (PLA) and composting is available, they should go to composting. Even if they are a recyclable plastic, they are not recoverable in the typical automated recycling sort system.

Paper Cups

While a better option than Styrofoam because it is made from a renewable resource, these are not recyclable because they have a plastic liner to prevent liquids from soaking into the paper. There are paper cups with a PLA liner, which is certified compostable. These can be composted where collection facilities exist.

To-Go Boxes

If totally clean, these can be recycled. If composting is available, to-go boxes can be composted (but sort out the trash inside!). Otherwise, it goes to the landfill. Remember: food contaminates recycling!

Coffee Cups

Standard paper or Styrofoam cups should go in the landfill. Check labeling for compostable PLA liners which allow the cups to be composted where composting collection is available. Coffee cup lids are a #6 plastic and should be landfilled. Cardboard sleeves are recyclable and compostable, so make sure to sort correctly!

Brown Napkins

Paper napkins are compostable if facilities are available as long as they are not heavily dyed, otherwise landfill. These used paper products are not recyclable.

Bleached or colored napkins/paper towels/tissues

These materials are not recyclable because they are usually considered unsanitary once used; they are also made from low-grade, short fibers that cannot be recycled.

Soup Cups

While better than Styrofoam because it is made from a renewable resource, paper cups are not recyclable because they have plastic liners that prevent liquids from soaking into the paper.

Pizza Boxes

If clean, these can be recycled. If there is food residue or grease, it goes to the landfill. Brown corrugated cardboard pizza boxes can be composted where collection is available.

Plastic Milk Bottles (individual bottles or gallons)

If empty, these can be recycled. Rinse it out first if you are willing and able! As a general rule, rinsing out plastic containers before recycling removes any leftover residue and decreases the chances that the item will be rejected and landfilled due to contamination.

Cardboard/Paper Milk Cartons

Recycle! These are different material than paper cups called aseptic packaging, which can be recycled at many recycling centers.

Plastic Cups

Cups labeled plastic #1-5 and #7 are recyclable. PLA compostable cups aren’t recyclable, but can be composted if collection is available. #6 plastic cups, like red Solo cups, aren’t recyclable at most facilities. #6 plastic is a polystyrene (PS), which has negative environmental and health impacts, so it should be avoided when possible. Always check the number on the bottom of plastics before disposing!

Other frequently asked questions

Just how bad is our contamination problem?

When participating in the annual RecycleMania competition, the recycling problem became very apparent. WashU dropped in all areas, both in the volume diverted and within the ranks of competing schools. For example, in 2015, our diversion rate over the competition period was 45%. In 2016, the diversion rate over the same period was 34%. In one category, the “Per Capita Classic”, WashU went from ranking 9 out of 232 in 2015 to 110 out of 208 in 2016.

Since January 2016, at least 52% of our recycling loads have been rejected from Resource Management. Similarly, about 40% of our compost totes end up going to the landfill due to contamination.

Our goal for 2020 is to achieve a 55% diversion rate – an 11% drop is a huge step back for this strategic goal. More information. 

What can be recycled?

Uncoated paper products, cartons, and cardboard; glass; metal (aluminum, foil, steel); rigid plastics #1-5 & 7. NO DIRTY TO-GO BOXES; PAPER CUPS; FOOD-SOILED TO-GO CONTAINERS; COFFEE LIDS; PLASTIC UTENSILS; SOFT PLASTICS; COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS. Follow posted signage to avoid contamination

What can be composted?

Food and certified compostable serviceware (paper to-go boxes, napkins, PLA cups and cutlery, etc.). Many uncoated brown paper products (cardboard, unsoiled brown cardboard pizza boxes, paper bags, etc.) can be composted as well.

It seems like the rules are always changing, why is that?

When you send something to the landfill, that is it: end of life. Simple, right? However, with both recycling and composting, companies are taking our waste and developing a commodity, creating jobs and contributing to the economy. In order for recycling centers to generate revenue, the materials must be converted into a commodity that buyers want as a feed stock for their operations or as a final product.
Like any commodity, sorted recyclables are responsive to both the demands and the volatility of the market. For example, when cardboard was selling for a premium, it made more sense to separate and bale cardboard to get a bigger rebate. But when the market dipped, single stream became more cost effective.
The materials a recycling facility will accept is influenced by the sorting process, how the materials act in the automatic sorting line. For example, flat plastic packaging acts more like paper than a plastic beverage container, so the automatic system that is designed to sort out plastic containers will miss the flat plastic packaging. Rules may also change as technology advances. We used to be told to take caps off of bottles because lids and bottles are different types of plastic. Now, machinery has developed that can easily separate the two plastics, so you should leave the lids on. If lids are loose, they fall thorough sorting screens and become land-filled as waste.

Why aren’t all the signs the same across campus?

With thousands of recycling containers on campus, performing a complete redo of all signage is very expensive. We are planning a phased approach to signage updates, starting with the most high-impact areas. Printable waste sorting guidelines can be found here for your own use.

Why can’t #6 plastics be recycled?

#6 plastics are Polystyrenes (PS). They have the same chemical make up as Styrofoam, but contain less air. #6 plastics have little value in the market for sorted post-consumer plastics and is most commonly shipped overseas for further processing. Because there is no market for #6 plastic, recycling companies would rather not accept it. Within the St. Louis region, some recycling facilities may accept #6 plastics, but they are still baled together with other low-value plastics (#3-7). When possible, seek out products packed in #1 or #2 plastic instead of #6 or Styrofoam.

How much food residue is allowed in/on containers? Do I need to clean containers before recycling them?

With most containers, a quick rinse or wipe should be enough for residential recycling. However, no food residue (cheese, grease, sauce, ketchup, etc.) is allowable on paper products.

What do I do with my compostables if I’m not at a location that collects compost?

If you are willing and able, hold on to your compostables until you can toss them at a compost location! Otherwise, unfortunately, these materials will have to go to the landfill.

Why is campus-wide composting not available?

While we have a long-term goal to offer composting at dining facilities across campus, pilot locations have not yet demonstrated ongoing success. With continued education and making to-go materials more uniform across dining locations, we anticipate achieving a shift in campus culture and awareness. Once contamination is consistently below the allowable threshold, we will be able to better advocate for campus-wide post-consumer composting. Want to help with education efforts? Apply to become a Recycling Genius today!

Where can I find compostable collection on campus?

Post-consumer composting can be found at Bear’s Den, the Law School, Common Grounds (Hillman Hall), and the Village. Starting in Fall 2019, composting will be available in all residential hall buildings across the South 40. The Medical School, Whittemore House, and the DUC collect pre-consumer compost.